Kinetic Inductance Detectors
Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) use small superconducting resonant circuits to detect incident photons (P.K. Day, Nature (2003)).
Photons are absorbed, breaking Cooper pairs and causing a change in the kinetic inductance which results in a shift in the resonant
frequency of the circuit. KIDs offer significant advantages over competitor detectors in terms of multiplexing, fabrication, critical
temperature tolerance, and focal plane coverage. QUBIC is a planned CMB polarization telescope designed to search for the primordial
B-mode anisotropy, a smoking gun for inflation. It will be deployed at the Concordia station in Antarctica in 2015.
A. E. Lowitz, A. D. Brown, and T. R. Stevenson, P. T. Timbie, and E. J. Wollack, "Design, fabrication, and testing of lumped element kinetic inductance detectors for 3 mm
CMB Observations," Proc. SPIE 9153, Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VII, 91532R (July 23, 2014);
A. E. Lowitz, E. M. Barrentine, S. R. Golwala, and P. T. Timbie, "A Comparison of Fundamental Noise in Kinetic Indictance
Detectors and Transition Edge Sensors for Millimeter-wave Applications," Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors,
Pasadena, CA, June 2013. To be published in a special issue of JLTP (2014). DOI 10.1007/s10909-014-1133-5.
A. Ghribi, J. Aumont, E. S. Battistelli, A. Bau, L. Bergé, J-Ph. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, M-A. Bigot-Sazy, G. Bordier,
E. T. Bunn, F. Cavaliere, P. Chanial, A. Coppolecchia, T. Decourcelle, P. De Bernardis, M. De Petris, A-A. Drilien, L. Dumoulin, M. C. Falvella,
A. Gault, M. Gervasi, M. Giard, M. Gradziel, L. Grandsire, D. Gayer, J-Ch. Hamilton, V. Haynes, Y. Giraud-Héraud, N. Holtzer, J. Kaplan, A. Korotkov, J. Lande,
A. Lowitz, B. Maffei, S. Marnieros, J. Martino, S. Masi, A. Mennella, L. Montier, A. Murphy, M. W. Ng, E. Olivieri, F. Pajot, A. Passerini, F. Piacentini, M. Piat,
L. Piccirillo, G. Pisano, D. Prêle, D. Rambaud, O. Rigaut, C. Rosset, M. Salatino, A. Schillaci, S. Scully, C. O'Sullivan, A. Tartari, P. Timbie, G. Tucker,
L. Vibert, F. Voisin, B. Watson, M. Zannoni, "Latest Progress on the QUBIC Instrument," Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, Pasadena, CA, June 2013.
To be published in a special issue of JLTP (2014). arXiv1307.5701.